Specialty: is an area of study or a specific interest in which you have become an expert, which you focus on, or something that meets particular tastes and needs. with the nursing field constantly evolving, there are variety of different types of specialties nursing in Nigeria

List of 20 Types of Specialties Nursing in Nigeria

Pain Management Nursing

– Pain Management Nurses assess the source of pain, and work with other nurses and doctors to coordinate treatment.

Pediatric Endocrinology Nursing

– This is a medical subspecialty dealing with physical growth development in childhood, diabetes and other endocrine disorders.

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner

– They work with patients from infancy to young adulthood, diagnosing illness, conducting exams, and prescribing medication.

Pediatric Nurse

These nurses specialize in pediatrics and devote their knowledge and skills to caring for children from infancy through the late teen years.

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Perianesthesia Nursing (AKA Recovery Room Nursing)

– This is a nursing specialty practice area concerned with providing nursing care to patients undergoing or recovering from anesthesia.

Plastic Surgery Nursing

– They help patients undergoing plastic surgery or recovering from procedures. They work directly with surgeons in the operating room where procedures take place.

Poison Information Specialist (AKA Toxicology Nursing)

– They treat patients who have ingested poison, and work with schools and businesses on poison prevention and treatment. They are highly specialized Toxicology Nurses. They treat people that have swallowed poisons, have been bitten by snakes or stung by bees.

Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner

– They do many of the same things a psychiatrist does, including diagnosing mental illness and prescribing medication. They treat patients who suffer from a variety of mental health conditions such as Bipolar disorder and Depression.

Public Health Nurse

– They work with whole communities. Public health nurses are able to educate people about health issues, improve community health and safety, and increase access to care.

Pulmonary Care Nursing (AKA Respiratory Nursing)

These nurses work with patients with breathing problems and other lung-related issues. These lung-related issues can include asthma, tuberculosis emphysema, cystic fibrosis, and lung cancer.

Radiology Nursing

– Radiology nurses start or check peripheral I.V assess infusaports, administer medications, monitor vital signs, and help patients with their personal needs. They work only in radiology unit to assist patient for radiography procedure such as X-ray, Abdominal scan etc. They also assist the radiologist where and when necessary.

Registered Nurse (RN)

-They care for the sick and injured in hospitals and other health care facilities, physicians’ offices, private homes, public health agencies, schools, camps, and industry. This specialty serves as basis for other nursing specialties.

Rehabilitation Nursing

– You would work with patients with long-term physical disabilities, or chronic illnesses, ultimately helping the patient achieve as independent a lifestyle as possible

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Advanced Practice Registered Nursing

– Advanced care nurse specialists with a Master of Science in Nursing, including the fields of nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives.

Ambulatory Care Nursing

– Centered on the fast and focused assessment of critical patients; nurse, family and patient relationships, and translating nursing care into manageable activities for caregivers.

Cardiac Care Nursing

the nurses in this specialty Work specifically with patients who have cardiovascular conditions, such as heart attack and cardiac arrest patients. Help them to get on the road to recovery.

Cardiac Catheter Lab Nursing

Cardiovascular patients with complicated heart diseases that need to have catheterizations into the heart for treatment, required the services of nurses in this jurisdiction. You can specialize your nursing career with these acutely ill patients.

Critical Care Nursing

Nurses who focus their work on the most critically and acutely ill patients. Also works with unstable patients, such as in ERs.

Dermatology Nursing

– A specialty of nursing where you work only with people who have various ailments and disorders of the skin. Nurses here work together most often with a dermatologist.

Developmental Disability Nursing

Work with patients who have mental and physical disabilities. You may work in outpatient centers, rehab centers, etc.

Diabetes Nursing

– This type of nurse works with ill patients with diabetes. Much of work centers on relaying information between patients, doctors and families.

Emergency Nursing

– In this nursing specialty, they work mostly in high pressure situations with critically ill and unstable patients in emergency rooms and other critical care facilities.

Ethics in Nursing

– This is a branch of ethics that shares many things in common with various aspects of medical ethics, where ethical issues of patient care are debated and resolved.

Family Nurse Practitioner

A registered nurse who works under the supervision of a physician. This type of NP works specifically in family practice. Some NPs in some states can practice independently.

Flight/Transport Nursing

– Provide essential emergency medical services to patients who are in remote locations and are not accessible by roads.

Forensic Nursing

– These nurses work with victims of violence and those who commit it. You will work closely with the legal system in collecting forensic evidence in these cases

Gastroenterology Nursing

– This nursing specialty works in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that affect the entire digestive system.

Genetics Nursing

– You will treat many types of genetically inherited diseases, including cancer, heart disease and diabetes. Teach families how they can minimize their risks.

Geriatric Nursing

– A type of nurse who works with the elderly, who often have a variety of serious acute and chronic illnesses.

Gynecology/Obstetric Nursing

– A specialty of nursing that works only with female patients and reproductive health. Also they offer care for pregnant women and keep them in good health for delivery.

HIV/AIDS Nursing

– Dedicate your career to working with patients who have HIV and AIDS. Help them to stay healthy, manage their treatments and manage pain.

Home Health Care Nursing

– Provide essential nursing care to people in their homes who are seriously ill with acute and chronic conditions.

Hospice/Palliative Nursing

Nurses here will provide compassionate, comprehensive and total nursing care to people who in the final stages of illness. Help to manage pain and end life with dignity.

Informatics Nursing

Your job would be to translate nursing practice information between nurses and systems engineers, analysts, or designers using object-oriented models or other techniques.

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Infusion Nursing

– Infusion Nurses give patients medication and fluids via injection. They monitor patients, manage their tubing, maintain arterial catheters, and stay aware of potential complications.

International Nursing

– Some nurses choose to go abroad and traveling the world taking care of patients in other countries, or aiding underserved nations where experienced professional nurses are not available.

Labor & Delivery Nursing (AKA midwifery Nursing)

You would care for women during labor and childbirth, monitoring the baby and the mother, coaching mothers and assisting doctors. They are advanced practice registered nurses who provide counseling and care during pre-conception, pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. In some other part of the world the function of the labor and delivery Nursing differs from Nurse midwife.

Medical-Surgical Nursing

– These nurses assist patients who are schedule for surgery, or who’ve recently come out of surgery (but not during surgery).

Military and Uniformed Service Nursing

– would care for patients within the Military. Their Assignments could take them all over the globe.

Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing

– Care for premature and critically ill newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a hospital. These babies are born needing immediate medical attention

Nephrology Nursing (AKA Renal Nursing)

Nephrology Nurses help patients with kidney disease or abnormal kidney function. They work in one of the most diverse collections of environments in nursing.

Neuroscience Nursing

– Assist patients in / with brain and nervous system disorders. Some duties include monitoring neurological exams.

Nurse Anesthetist

– These are nurses who specializes in the administration of anesthesia. These nurses have to be Board Certified in Anesthesia.

Nurse Attorney

Nurse Attorneys have earned both their nursing and law degrees, so they can represent medical professionals in court, or work to change health care policies.

Nurse Researcher

These scientists design studies, analyze data, and report their results for use in improvement of the field of nursing.

Nursing Entrepreneur

– They use their nursing education and business background to start ventures within the healthcare industry.

Occupational Health Nurse

– Using their specialized experience and education, these registered nurses recognize and prevent health effects from hazardous exposures and treat workers’ injuries/illnesses.

Oncology Nursing (Cancer Nursing)

– They provides care for cancer patients. These nurses also monitor physical conditions, prescribe medication, and administer chemotherapy and other treatments.

Operating Room Nursing (AKA Perioperative Nursing)

The nurses in the field are the ones who are actually in the operating room during surgery, doing different tasks to either directly or indirectly assist in performing the actual operation.

Ophthalmic Nursing

– Nurses in this concentration care for people with eye disorders. They are essential during operations, assisting the surgical team and functioning as circulating or scrub nurses.

Orthopedic Nursing

– this kind of nurse takes care of people with musculoskeletal diseases and disorders like arthritis, fractures, broken bones, joint replacements, genetic malformations and osteoporosis.

Otorhinolaryngology Nursing (AKA Ear Nose & Throat Nursing)

This involves caring for patients with chronic illness, disease, or small disorders related to the head, ear, nose and throat

Volunteer, Refugee Nursing

These nurses provide physical and spiritual care to people in other countries. Their work often includes raising awareness and money for medical supplies, clean water, schools and medical facilities.

There are lots of other specialties in Nursing. You can choose from any one you like most.

You should not be among those Nurses whom after many years of experience, they didn’t specialize nor update their knowledge as such they keep complaining of being paid peanut.

Remember that your job satisfaction depends on your ability to add value to what you do. Don’t Read Alone, Share With Others


Abdullahi Suleiman a Certified Registered Nurse based in Nigeria, an Entrepreneur and Also a Blogger, passionate about Community Development and Cosmetic Nursing

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